Tabla is a 400 to 600 years old
Percussion Instrument. It is believed that Tabla is
contribution of the Mughals to our Music, It is said that
the instrument was invented by Sudhar Khan Dari. But some
scholars believed that Tabla was invented after 1400 Century. It
is also believed that Amir Khusroo who was a Musician in
Allauddin Khilji's Darbar or Court, also contributed in
the invention of Tabla. Earlier the diameter of Tabla use to be
bigger in size, but time to time the diameter of Tabla got
changed,as per the requirement of different pitches. We tune
Tabla according to the scale of the Musician's
requirement.For Tabla Tarang where Tablas of different
pitches are required,& they required to be tuned in different
Tabla is an accompanying
instrument for Khayal Gayaki, Instruments such as
Sitar, Sarod, Kathak Dance and Solo playing.
Tabla is a two piece instrument, One is Tabla,
also known as Dayan and is made of wood and is hollow
from inside, Other part is Dagga or Bayan and is made of
clay, Copper, Brass, Aluminium, Iron.
Tabla has got 6 Gharanas. Gharanas means where the
Knowledge or Art that is passed on from a Guru or Ustad
to his sons or disciples, who in turn passes it on to his or her
In other words we can say that Gharanas means School or
sometimes Style of Performance. The Gharanas are named
not after its originator but by the place from where the Guru is
originated and from where he conducted the propagation of their
art. The names of the Gharanas are.
In Tabla we play diffrent types of Taal and every Taal
has got different Matras. Like in Teentaal we have
16 beats or Matras. In Hindi Matra means unit.
Certain terms are used while playing a
: This is a
composition that is based on the bols and the divisions of the
Theka and is played in a slow tempo.
Kaida : The word Kaida is taken from the Urdu word which
means "Rule" or "Law". In a solo recital of an hour, there are
at least four to five Kaidas.
: This is a composition of
forceful bols in the drut phase of a Taal.
: This is a compostion
which is made up of bols and is played in a fast tempo.
: Mukhra is a short
composition which is played to enhance the sum.
Tabla is considered to be the most useful instrument for any
performance in Music and Dance. Now a days Tabla
is used in Fusion Music and is very much in demand in
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